Local Police Departments exist solely to preserve order in communities, enforce laws and derivative regulations, and to protect the private property of their respective constituencies. Local Police Departments are necessary to a well-functioning government as they act as the actual enforcement of the legislative decrees set forth by lawmakers and policy gurus. When an issue arises, people can safely rely on the efforts of their Local Police Departments to prevent a bad situation from becoming a worse one. This damage control wouldn't be as instantaneous or effective if conducted by federal or state agencies; these fine groups are the key to instant and total control of situations gone awry. Local Police Departments rely on often scarce state and city funding. The officers under just about any local jurisdiction need training in areas and fields such as less-than-lethal methods of submission in suspects, counter sniper operations, police leadership, management and administration in a law enforcement setting, conflict de-escalation and conflict resolution, marksmanship with weapons ranging from the simple baton to as complex as the M4 semi-automatic assault rifle, basic computer use, bilingual/colloquial Spanish studies, traffic laws and regulation enforcement, defense driving, hand-to-hand combative, and many others. Additionally, officers in Local Police Departments require a vast array of special equipment. They need uniforms of a proper fit, duty belts that can contain their various tools, handcuffs and flexi cuffs, pepper spray and tazers, flashlights, radios, keys, extra magazines, and their service weapon. Furthermore, they need tactical assault vests, breeching tools, battering rams, CS gas canisters, flashbangs, chemlight signal sticks, and mirrors for looking around corners in hostile situations.